Check out. Welcome Log in. In , King Charles of Bourbon and his wife Amalia of Saxony decided to found a center for porcelain production within their Reggia di Capodimonte, driven by the desire to achieve a porcelain similar to the German, produced at Meissen. Thus was born the Royal Factory of Capodimonte, whose production was considered further, even greater than German and French. In fact, the particular mix of soft textured high-feldspathic praised the performance of miniatures made in the tip of the brush and created a special effect "under glass", which made these little works of art, unique in the world. In ' some important personalities like the sculptor Giuseppe Gricci, the chemist Livio Vittorio Scherps and decorator Giovanni Caselli gave an important contribution to the composition of the porcelain, improving its quality. In addition, Gricci created the famous little living room in porcelain of Queen Amalia, considered the most complete expression of the artistic style of Capodimonte.
Asian porcelain soon came into vogue, and in Italy, the more traditional brightly colored maiolica began to be viewed as old-fashioned. Soon, Europeans sought to imitate Asian porcelain and produce it themselves on a large scale.
By the eighteenth century, porcelain tableware and figurines were all the rage among European royal courts, and these tiny collectibles remained inaccessible to the lower classes. The upper classes coveted little figurines of peasants, delicate flowers, and other tiny porcelain wares. A brisk competition ensued for the most beautiful and sought-after porcelain works.
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As part of her dowry, Queen Maria Amalia brought to her marriage no less than seventeen complete table services made of Meissen porcelain. Inthe king converted his hunting lodge outside of Naples, situated on a hill called Capodimonte, into a porcelain manufactory as part of the Real Fabbrica. His goal was to produce porcelain that would vie with other famous European royal porcelain manufactures, especially Meissen.
The earliest Capodimonte wares were unmarked. This is the first fleur de lis mark used by the Royal Factory in Naples, Italy stamped in either blue or gold. The fleur de lis mark was later revised to a thinner version. Beginning in , Capodimonte began using the crown over the Neopolitan N mark. History The Capodimonte porcelain, one of the glories of Neapolitan homemade bind their origins to the splendor of the Bourbon dynasty. In , King Charles of Bourbon and his wife Amalia of Saxony decided to found a center for porcelain production within their Reggia di Capodimonte, driven by the desire to achieve a porcelain similar to the German, produced at Meissen. Mar 17, The problem of dating pieces with the Crown over "N" mark dating from to about (see image below) that does not contain the word "Ginori" is that the Richard-Ginori company stole the mark from the King's manufactory in Capodimonte, Naples. This is .
His specialist artisans concocted a secret recipe that would account for a distinctive look and feel in the porcelain that would be forever associated with Capodimonte.
The king and queen, according to historians, were intensely interested in these porcelain experiments. The challenge in concocting Neapolitan porcelain was that kaolin, a type of clay considered essential to porcelain, was in short supply in Italy. The royal artisans experimented with combinations of clay pulled from sources across southern Italy until they came up with a combination that worked.
The porcelain recipe eventually developed resulted in warm white tone, bringing a distinctive appearance to the works that emerged from the Capodimonte factory. The works were decorated with glazes known for their bright palette of red, yellow, orange, and green, coated with a lustrous finish.
The factory began producing full sets of tableware, vases and other vessels, as well as small decorative objects and figurines in a Baroque style typical of the mid-eighteenth century. Figures of theater characters such as Pulcinella, as well as Neapolitan peasants engaged in dancing, daily chores, and other pastoral activities, were also popular. Flowers became one of the most enduring subjects of Capodimonte porcelain because, according to legend, King Charles was allergic to flowers; porcelain versions were the only ones he could enjoy.
With him, he took his key porcelain makers, a team of factory personnel, porcelain molds, and other materials.
This second Capodimonte manufactory remained active until the French took Naples in The large porcelain manufacture known as Doccia or Ginori, on the western outskirts of Florence, acquired what was left of Capodimonte production in the nineteenth century.
The company continued to produce Capodimonte and use the royal Neapolitan trademark until recent times.
Richard-Ginori declared bankruptcy in Januaryand was purchased by Gucci. From the start, Capodimonte was special, as it departed from the traditional recipe used in other porcelain centers. The unusually delicate, reflective quality of the finished pieces brought Capodimonte its distinctive style in the world of porcelain. As in the other royal porcelain manufactures of Europe, many of the basic forms of Capodimonte wares began with a mold. The Capodimonte Museum holds thousands of these molds, ready for making scads of figurines, bouquets, small vases, and other ornamental works.
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We have many pieces with this mark that belonged to my husband's parents and they were purchased here in California when the factory was still active. This company began as Muncie Clay Products Company in Muncie, a small company, only employed 20 people at the height of their production, according to research compiled by author Jack D. The company was reorganized and renamed Muncie Potteries inand eventually ceased operation in While some Muncie pieces are not signed, those bearing the company's name are marked as shown here.
The "N" within "C" mark is most often associated with Newcomb. Newcomb College Pottery was made by women students at Newcomb College incorporating local materials and decor inspired by Louisiana's flora and fauna in the Arts and Crafts tradition.
A number of marks are usually found on each piece including a registration mark and the initials of the woman who decorated the piece. Mark, as shown, used ca. Mark used on porcelain wares. This is referenced as the Kunstkeramik Paul Dachsel mark. Pottery designer Paul Dachsel used this mark when he started his own business after leaving the original Amphora factory. This mark was used on pottery made by his firm from approximately through The PD mark can be found alone on the base of a piece, with an Amphora or Wahliss mark, or the Kunstkeramik mark shown above.
Porcelain importer mark used ca. Often used in conjunction with the L. Hutschenreuther manufacturer's mark.
Variations of this particular Rosenthal mark have been used since the mids. This is one of many marks used by Rosenthal on various lines. This style of the mark, with Germany beneath Rosenthal, was first used in the mids and continued through Various nuances to the mark can help narrow the date to a specific year. Beginning ina flame was added around the reverse RP logo each year to mark the date.
CAPODIMONTE FACTORY MOLLICA (ITALY)
InRoman numerals began dating the pieces. Many talented artists worked for Rookwood Pottery, and a number of pieces are marked on the base with an artist's cipher their name or initials in addition to the reverse RP logo.
Some pieces were also marked with a letter: "P" indicates soft porcelain; "S" indicates a special piece; "Z" refers to matte glaze; "V" indicates Vellum glaze, and trial pieces were marked "T". Roseville is often more easily dated by identifying the line and researching the corresponding year of production rather than relying solely on the style of the mark. One of many reproduction marks found on Roseville fakes.
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A number of marks were used by this manufacturer, most including the initials FM, a crown, and the word Bonn. Some show a date of "," which refers to earlier Bonn pottery manufacturers, rather than the date a piece was made. Note : This particular example is partially stamped so the words "Royal" above the crown and "Bonn" below the crest are barely legible, nor is the "" under the FM in the center of the mark readable. Reference : Kovel's New Dictionary of Marks. Mark used primarily on semi-vitreous dinnerware.
Royal Doulton used dating systems with a number of their marks.
Here the small "12" next to the mark shown is added to to arrive at a production date. This mark is specific to the Old Balloon Seller figurine produced by Royal Doulton between and Older and newer versions of this piece were made. It had a very long production run to 98 and is therefore readily available. This mark is often referred to as the "red" mark by dealers and collectors of R.
Prussia porcelain. Some well done fake marks can be very similar, so examining details closely is imperative when in question. Mark used on new issue Welbeck chintz pieces sold through Victoria magazine in the mids.
A similar circular mark with the words "Grimwades England" inside the Royal Winton logo was used by this company on chintz dinnerware from the mids through Since this mark was used on figurines produced for 70 years, the style must be examined to determine the age.
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Sometimes seen with a Germany circle mark in addition to the crown mark. There are many variations of these marks.
Vtg Capodimonte Swan Flo Figurine Neapolitan Crown Mark Made in Italy 10"H 11"L. $ +$ shipping. Make Offer - Vtg Capodimonte Swan Flo Figurine Neapolitan Crown Mark Made in Italy 10"H 11"L. Vintage Italian Porcelain Capodimonte Figurine Man on bench Sign P. Mollica. Identifying and dating Capodimonte porcelain can be somewhat confusing until you understand the history of the Royal Factory in Naples, Italy and see examples of the different types of wares made there. Knowing which marks were used during different time periods also helps to date Capodimonte porcelain pieces. Take care when examining these marks, however, since several of them look very similar. See if the mark on your piece has a straighter "N" and a more stylized crown, compare your mark to those shown on doursim.com listed in the Resources section. There were several other marks similar to the oldest Capodimonte mark used during other periods, and you will find dating information (as well as other Capodimonte marks.
They produced many pieces of whiteware that were decorated elsewhere and decorated porcelain as well. Some references show Tressemanes spelling vs. Teco pottery was introduced in By the line included more than designs. Teco is thought to have been produced at least until the mids. Many pieces were made with matte green glaze, some with a metallic black overglaze, but other colors such as brown, yellow, blue, pink and maroon were also made.
These items are considered to be part of the arts and crafts movement and are highly regarded by art pottery enthusiasts. Most collectors are attracted to Teco for the unique and creative shapes of the pieces, especially those with geometric features rather than the color of the glaze, according to the JustArtPottery website.
The company has been in business from to the present. Mark shown was used after Colorado Springs notation was added to this company's wares made after Check the Van Briggle website for current production pieces to assist in dating.
Capodimonte's roots date back to the Bourbon dynasty. King Charles founded The Royal Factory of Capodimonte in Naples, Italy, in To this day, Capodimonte pieces are produced by artisans who hand carve the moulds that the porcelain is poured into. After the item is fired, an artist hand paints it before it the color is fixed in a final baking. May 01, Jul 4, - Printable Capodimonte Made in Italy Marks chart. The early factory and makers marks of true Capo-di-Monte porcelain from the Royal Factory in Naples, Italy. Capodimonte is a distinctive style of porcelain that stands apart from all the other ceramic traditions of southern Italy. This delicate, ornate porcelain-historically produced outside of Naples- is immediately recognizable for its tiny pastel flowers, sprays of buds, baskets, and elegant doursim.com Capodimonte is a popular collectible throughout Italy as well as abroad.
Only pieces made from through are always dated under the "AA" logo. Pieces were dated sporadically from through During its production years from tovarious marks were used by Weller Pottery and some pieces were artist signed.
The Hudson line was produced during the s dating this Weller mark to that time period. This manufacturing company used a number of different marks beginning inincluding similar scroll marks without Limoges and France. One variation used from the late s to spelled out Wm. Limoges France. The "S" under the mark indicates circa Wiggins ated April 12, Share It. See if the mark has a crown over an "N. About the Author.