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Below you will find a tool for Stanley plane identification, specifically dating Stanley planes and identifying the type of your Stanley Bailey woodworking bench hand planes. Also, stanley type studies like this are most accurate for No. This tool does not work for the Stanley Bedrock planes or transitional planes. Hi guys and ladies I plead total ignorance since I work with steel in my private time. The plane lived on the coast for an unknown time and was rusty. I started to remove rust and old paint and discovered that there was black paint under some blue paint.

Don - January 26, Another telltale sign of the defiance plane is the flat sided reddish tote. Stanley made Handyman: That lateral adjuster on a Stanley made Handyman series plane. Union made: That lateral adjuster of a Union looks like the early twisted Sargent, but with a washer type guide like the Ohio Tools or Stanley. Share this:.

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Next post Bench Plane Restoration Guide. About the Author Don I've been finding, restoring and collecting hand planes for over 10 years. It started with a few and just grew. I love the history, the research and writing what I find.

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However, Millers Falls did debut their bench plane line inwhich is the same time Stanley offered their orange frogs. This orange paint craze wasn't just limited to the Bailey line of planes. It can also be found on the Bed Rock series of bench planes, some of the block planes the brass knob and adjuster are painted orangeand on the 78 rabbet the embossed logo on the right side is highlighted in orange. There are probably other planes that got the treatment as well. The bench planes are the most commonly found orange decorated planes, with the others being somewhat scarce.

Stanley produced a very short-lived frog design during the early 's pictured in the image to the left.

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Stanley, realizing the genius of Leonard Bailey, may have thought that his new design would prove to be a threat to the conventional design and then decided to mimic his. Bailey's Victor design certainly proved easier to manufacture as there was less machining involved, but it does have two real flaws: there is no ability to adjust the frog to open or close the mouth; and the cross-rib that carries the frog is susceptible to cracking or breaking due to the stress placed on it from overtightening the lever cap or during planing.

This frog is secured to the cross-rib via two screws that are oriented horizontally. Nice attempt Leonard and Stanley, especially since one size frog could be used on multiple sizes of the bench planes 3 through 8but the one frog fits all definitely didn't satisfy all users of the planes. Many folks find it confusing about whether Stanley or Bailey made these planes.

Jan 26,   Quickly Identify Your Hand Plane. A Short guide to identifying the most common Vintage Hand Planes found. This is by no means an exhaustive list, but it should guide you in a general direction to find out who made your vintage hand plane.

The answer is, both made them. Leonard Bailey, while working in happening Boston, Massachusetts during the 's and 's, came upon the fundamental design of planes with which we are all familiar. Stanley, having been a manufacturer of rules, levels, squares, etc for some 15 years, was looking to expand their toolmaking business, so they bought out Bailey's patents in They produced the planes with little change, where the only Stanley markings were on the iron and on the lateral adjustment lever.

Many people believe that the lever caps are replaced on these models or that they aren't Stanley products since they have "BAILEY" on them. They most assuredly are Stanley products. The Bailey-made stuff, from Boston, is very scarce and highly prized by collectors.

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The corrugated version of the 3. Like the 2Cthe advantages that corrugations supposedly offer the plane during use are somewhat questionable on a plane of this size. The standard smoothing plane. This, along with the 5are what made Stanley a fortune. This plane will out-smooth any sanding, scraping, or whatever on most woods.

There are woods that present themselves as problems for this plane, and the rest of the Stanley bench planes for that matter, but this shouldn't deter you from owning one. The planes were designed to be general purpose and affordable, not to conquer any wood tossed their way. Many modern woodworkers have their first plane epiphany with this little tool as the curls come spilling out its mouth. Occasionally, you might find an early version of this plane with a built-in oiler located at its knob which holds oil that is drained through perforations drilled through the sole, directly beneath the knob.

This was an aftermarket addition, and unlike other aftermarket ideas, like the tilting handles on modified 10 's, which Stanley eventually put into production, the oiling device soon became a genetic deadend in the tool tree. The same oiling device can also be found on 5' s. The corrugated version of the 4.

One of Stanley's dumber ideas, as can be inferred from their short time of offering, was the aluminum planes. The bed and frog on this plane are made from aluminum, which makes the plane lighter. This was the supposed appeal of these planes, that they are lighter than the iron planes. That, and that they weren't prone to rusting. Rosewood was used for the knob and tote.

Every Stanley Bench Plane Explained (Once and for all!)

Despite all these swell features, the planes were a miserable flop. These planes were produced at a time when nickel plating appeared on the lever caps. All the ones I've seen have the old-style lever cap, without the new kidney-shaped hole that was first produced in If you see one of these planes with a lever cap that is nickel plated and has a kidney-shaped hole, it's probably a replacement.

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The depth adjusting knob is also nickel plated, as well as the lateral adjustment lever. They'd be useful tools if you were planing over your head all day, but not many of us do that.

Since aluminum oxidizes easily, these planes leave despicable skidmarks for lack of a better word on the freshly planed wood. The planes - those that were used, that is - also tend to develop a very ratty look to them.

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The surface of the aluminum becomes riddled with dings and scratches making them blech to even the casual Stanley collector well, maybe not all of them, but many of them for certain - most of them take on a striking resemblance to the lunar landscape after being used. Those that are in mint condition have some appeal about them, but they still have look like of an aluminum pot or piece of foil.

If you're collecting this stuff, make sure it's aluminum and not some iron plane in aluminum paint clothing - if the weight of the thing doesn't clue you in, a magnet will. The aluminum planes were appreciably more expensive than the cast iron models. You have to wonder if any heads rolled for this braindead idea? Lucky for us that Stanley didn't make a mitre box, or something like that, out of aluminum. Hey, wait a minute, they did!

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Let's just say that the company was going through a phase and be done with it. Offered as indestructable planes maybe Stanley foresaw the nuclear arms race? They advertised them as being useful for shops that had concrete floors. If I were in Stanley's marketing department, back when the planes were offered, I would have added that the planes were also designed for those workdudes prone to losing their temper, where the planes can withstand their being slammed to the ground during a fit of rage, like after you smash your thumb with a hammer or something like that.

These planes beg abuse, and have a pressed or forged steel bottom. The steel is bent to form a U-shape. A piece forward of the mouth and rear of the mouth are riveted to the steel bottom. The lever cap and frog are made of malleable iron the normal bench planes have their bottom casting made of gray ironwith the frog's casting having a noticeably coarser texture than those provided on the Bailey line. The frog design is unique to this plane, and is not interchangable with other bench planes.

The upper portion of the frog has concave sides, and resembles a glass long-neck beer bottle. The frog is adjustable with the same patent arrangement that was provided on the Bailey bench planes. I have seen some examples that have a spacer piece placed behind the fork that engages the frog adjusting screw. They resemble the look of the BED ROCK series of planes, with their semi-squared off sides actually, they are slightly concaveinstead of the rounded sides found on the Bailey line.

Their knob and tote are rosewood - a species that's certainly capable of withstanding the plane smashing on concrete? Speaking of the knob and tote, the totes used on these planes have a large hole bored in their bottoms so that they can engage the boss in which the tote screw fits. Thus, a normal 4 tote cannot fit on this plane without first enlarging the hole. The knobs are always the high knob variety, but the earlier models did not have the raised ring into which the knob fits.

After the idea of a raised ring was hatched, this plane had that feature applied to it to help it be even more indestructible than before. The planes are finished nicely, and look rather striking when in mint condition finding them anywhere near mint condition is difficult since most of the examples got transformed into dogs from all the rough use.

The lever caps are nickel plated and look similarly to those used on the Bailey series. However, the lever caps are supposedly made of malleable iron and have a different pattern of recesses on their backsides than the normal lever caps. The frog and inside area of the bottom section are finished with a flat black japanning, which gives them the appearance of having been repainted.

The plane is stamped "No. S4" into the top of the main portion can't say main casting here since these planes aren't castright at the toe, before the knob. This plane is scarcer than the regular 4but it is by no means rare. Seems there must have been a lot of cement floors that were eating the Baileys, I'll bet.

This is a wider and heavier smoothing plane that some find preferable. Stanley, and other companies, would try to slip new models of planes into a numbering sequence of planes already in production, and would use the fractional designation so that they could be grouped with similar models in the sequence.

The very first model of the plane has no number embossed at the toe, which, according to those who have tried to make a chronological typing of the Bailey bench planes, made its debut on planes in For this plane, one should check the toe for any signs of re-grinding and painting to make sure it's legitimate. The planes can also be found with the number embossed at the toe, and in a pre-lateral no lateral adjustment lever configuration.

Be sure the japanning is original and matches well between the frog and the main casting. Some folks like the extra weight of these planes since the extra mass assists planing. I have this half-baked, semi-baked, even fully-baked theory that Stanley offered this plane as competition for the heavier infill planes, being produced in England. Problem is, this one isn't even a 'contendah' with those products from the eastern shores of the Atlantic. Certainly their extra mass is a step in the right direction, but other than that, these planes are left taxiing on the tarmac, while the infills are soaring to new heights.

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Think it sounds whacked? Prior to this date, Bailey had been producing the same series of bench planes, in various configurations, for roughly 8 years. Over in Scotland, Mr. Stewart Spiers was laboring in relative anonymity communication between the bonnie shores of Scotland and USofA was simply a boatride away back when Stewart first starte making bench planes designed using the same techniques as the traditional dovetailed mitre planes, which had been around for quite some time.

Part of the appeal of these bench planes to the cabinetmakers was their mass, much heavier than other planes, which assisted the worker when faced with difficult grain. Spiers was the uncontested infill planemaker for decades due to the traditional psyche that fills the typical English dude's head. But the gaining popularity of Spiers' product line eventually was noticed by the toolmakers south of Ayr, down in merry ol' England.

The most famous of them, Thomas Norris, started direct competition with Spiers sometime in the second half of the 19th century - it's actually debatable when he first took to making planes since his earliest descriptions of his trade were as a tool dealer, not as a planemaker.

Norris finally adopted the title 'planemaker' in Eventually, many other English and Scottish planemakers jumped on the infill bandwagon. Names like Mathieson, Preston, Slater, and a host of others all raced for a slice of the infill pie by the 's. All of the makers were producing infill planes that were nearly identical to their competition's - heavy, solid, and massive when compared to wooden and 'inferior' American products.

This rush by many manufacturers to fill the demand for fine planes had to have been noticed either by Stanley or by their mole operatives over in England. By the 's, Stanley had positioned themselves as the largest toolmaker in America, and one of the world's largest. They were on a mission of world domination, and set the wheels in motion to do just that. To achieve that end, they had to be saavy to what was hot and what was not.

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If they couldn't buy up their competition, they'd just offer a similar tool at a more affordable price. Give the customers what they want, or at least what Stanley would tell them they wanted, and at an affordable price, was Stanley's m.

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During this time Stanley was in its initial stages of expanding its product line with whatever they thought could sell. And guess what? That same era was when all them English dudes were making them heavy infills - the time when their popularity finally escaped the lochs of Scotland for the toolmaking powerhouses of England.

All the aformentioned tools were a radical departure from Stanley's main product line of bench and block planes.

Dating Sargent Dating Stanley Hand Plane Info Hand Planes. Dating Hand Planes Start Page. Don, February 5, Included here are all of the web sites to help date, or otherwise known as typing or type studies for vintage hand planes. And Make sure . Stanley wood planes come in a variety of shapes and sizes. There are twenty types of Stanley planes dating back to Each type has subtle differences that distinguish it from the other types, such as variations in parts and different marks cast into the metal like the plane . Start by reading Patrick Leach's comments on Stanley plane dating. Then check out the Plane Dating Flowchart. If you thirst for heaps of data on plane dating, visit the Plane Type Study or the Plane Feature Timeline. Plane Dating Flowchart Get your bench plane in hand (unless you have it's features memorized) and start answering questions. This.

Stanley just reconfigured the common 4feeding it tool vigoro, making it more massive. Stanley truly felt that their planes were the best in the world, and they were hell-bent to force that belief in every corner of the globe.

They eventually did, as any tool historian knows, even knocking off the former English tool giants. My opinion is that Stanley was jumping on the infill bandwagon simply by increasing the mass of the tool, but neglecting the other finer points of these planes.

Stanley could not, or would not, make such a significant design change to their bench planes since they had too much at stake to lose - mass production at an affordable cost, both of which are contrary to the infill planes' practically custom production.

These planes were 'unknown' for the longest time in this country. It seems that they were specifically targeted toward the English market, where the heavier infilled planes were still favored by many.

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The main casting is very much like those castings produced during WWII, with their noticeably thicker dimensions. The plane does have the letter "H" cast after the number. You might notice that I don't include the weight of this plane here.

Because I've never seen any Stanley literature or propaganda about them.

Stanley planes by numbers. R emember that a one hundred year old plane. has probably gone through many hands and changing fortunes. Some were showered with attention by their former owners, others suffered the worst possible abuse. #5 Jack plane, 14"L, 2"W, 4 3/4lbs, The standard jack plane that Stanley sold by the boatload. This is the most useful of all the bench planes, and it is a very good plane . Feb 13,   Type 1. Planes made in Boston, MA from Go to the Plane Type Study for information on features introduced in this plane type. Check out the Plane Feature Timeline for a full listing of features associated with this plane type. Type 2. Planes made by Stanley Go to the Plane Type Study for information on features introduced in this plane type.

Perhaps someone in the viewing audience can toss one on the bathroom scale and get back to me in avoirdupois weights, not metric, please. If the scale hasn't been doctored by a household dieter, and it is to be believed as accurate, this plane weighs in at 5lb.

The standard jack plane that Stanley sold by the boatload. This is the most useful of all the bench planes, and it is a very good plane on which to learn technique.

It is the first plane used on rough stock to prepare the surface prior to use of the jointer and smoother. Practically every John Q. Handyman had one of these planes, of one make or another, for household uses such as trimming a door or sash. Its iron is often ground slighty convex so that a heavy cut can be taken; the edges of it are rounded off so that it doesn't dig into the wood.

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Each and every woodworker, including the 'lectrical toolers of the world, should have this plane. The plane can serve several roles when one doesn't have all the other planes in his kit. It can do the surface preparation with its mouth set wide and a deep set to the iron, it can do smoothing with its mouth set narrow and a shallow set to the iron, and it can do jointing, although not as easily as the true jointers, the 7 and 8.

The corrugated version of the 5. See A4 for unbiased opinion. This is just that plane's bigger brother. Go to S4and read that. This one is just its bigger brother. This is a smaller jack plane designed for manual training in school.

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It is often called the "junior jack plane". Nevertheless, it's still a very useful plane for us adults and those who pretend to be. The planes eventually found favor by others, and it became rather popular, as indicated by its offering into the 's.

The models made during the 's are more difficult to find than the later examples. These planes are often found in a condition that looks as if they were on the wrong end of a bar room brawl. Such mistreatment shouldn't happen to a dog. A tough plane to find, if you're smitten by the collecting bug. It's the scarcest plane of the entire Bailey series those offered in the USofAbut it doesn't hold the honor of being the most valuable - that honor belongs to the 1.

I've seen faked examples of this plane so let's be careful out there! As proof that catalog listings of when the plane was offered can be erroneous, and that they must be taken with a grain of salt, I uncovered an example of this plane that dates some 20 years prior to its supposed manufacture.

Farnsworth Below you will find a tool for Stanley plane identification, specifically dating Stanley planes and identifying the type of your Stanley Bailey woodworking bench hand planes. Notify of. Most Voted Newest Oldest. Inline Feedbacks. Callie van der Merwe. David Anderson. Joe Cicero. I think I have the same plane. How do I see the repies to this question? Joshua Farnsworth. Nick clickner. Are you able to help me identify my plane.

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All i can workout it is a bailey no4 sweetheart. Joe Vona. Would the same type identification process work for the corrugated versions? Jesse Kossman. Richard Horne. Mike Di Silvio. Shirley Garbett. Mike DiGiorgio. I have a Stanley No 36 plane. Anyone know how to identify its Type? Thanks much. Ross Morrow. My question would be if you know of anywhere that sells replacement parts for such a plane.

Yours truly, ross. No, sorry. David Gilbert. I have an old wooden plane. Are they valuable? David Gilbert 1 month ago.

Hybrids of plane types are very common; Flowchart pictures are intended to illustrate a particular plane feature at each point in the Flowchart. Some plane features visible in the pictures may not be associated with your plane. For more information, read Patrick Leach's comments on Stanley plane dating. Date your Bench Plane. Mar 25,   Stanley Plane Identification: How to Identify Antique Stanley Bailey Hand Plane Age and Type? By Joshua T. Farnsworth. Below you will find a tool for Stanley plane identification, specifically dating Stanley planes and identifying the type of your Stanley Bailey woodworking bench hand planes. the plane size # in the bed? No No Yes Types Types Is the lever cap back recessed or simply flat? Flat 1 Recessed Types Types "BAILEY'S PATENT" "AUG. 31, , AUG. 6, " on the depth nut? tote)? No Yes Type 1 Type 2 ) Is the frog receiver a broad rectangular area with an arched rear (toward the No Yes.

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